20 Essential Cryptocurrency Trading Terms You Need to Know Before You Trade

Cryptocurrency trading can be an exciting and potentially lucrative endeavor. However, before you dive into the world of crypto trading, it’s important to understand some basic terms and concepts. This article will cover some essential terms to help you get started on the right foot.


A cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual asset that is designed to work as a medium of exchange. It uses cryptography to secure and verify transactions and to control the creation of new units.


A blockchain is a decentralized, digital ledger that records transactions across a network of computers. It is designed to be secure and tamper-resistant, making it an ideal technology for recording cryptocurrency transactions.


A cryptocurrency wallet is a software program that stores your public and private keys. It allows you to send and receive digital currencies, and it is essential for crypto trading.

Private Key:

A private key is a secret code that is used to access your cryptocurrency wallet. It is important to keep your private key secure to prevent unauthorized access to your wallet.

Public Key:

A public key is a code that is used to receive cryptocurrency. It is a unique address that you share with others to receive payments.


Altcoin is a term used to describe any cryptocurrency that is not Bitcoin. There are thousands of altcoins available, each with its own unique features and characteristics.


A cryptocurrency exchange is a platform that allows you to buy, sell, and trade cryptocurrencies. Some popular exchanges include Coinbase, Binance, and Kraken.

Fiat Currency:

Fiat currency is a government-issued currency that is not backed by a physical commodity, such as gold or silver. Examples of fiat currencies include the US dollar, Euro, and Japanese yen.

Market Cap:

Market cap is the total value of a cryptocurrency. It is calculated by multiplying the total number of coins in circulation by the current price.


Mining is the process of verifying cryptocurrency transactions and adding them to the blockchain. Miners are rewarded with new coins for their efforts.


Satoshis are the smallest unit of a bitcoin. One satoshi is equivalent to 0.00000001 BTC. Satoshis are often used to measure the value of altcoins in relation to bitcoin.

Market Order:

A market order is an order to buy or sell a cryptocurrency at the best available price. It is executed immediately, and the price may vary based on market conditions.

Limit Order:

A limit order is an order to buy or sell a cryptocurrency at a specific price. It may take longer to execute than a market order, but it allows you to control the price at which you buy or sell.

Stop Loss Order:

A stop loss order is an order to sell a cryptocurrency if its price falls below a certain level. It is a way to limit your losses if the market moves against you.

Candlestick Chart:

A candlestick chart is a type of chart that shows the open, high, low, and close prices of a cryptocurrency over a specific period of time. It is a useful tool for analyzing market trends and making trading decisions.

Bull Market:

A bull market is a market in which prices are rising, and investor confidence is high. It is characterized by optimism and positive sentiment.

Bear Market:

A bear market is a market in which prices are falling, and investor confidence is low. It is characterized by pessimism and negative sentiment.


HODL is a term that originated from a misspelling of “hold” in a forum post. It has since come to mean “Hold On for Dear Life” and is used to encourage long-term holding of cryptocurrencies, rather than short-term trading.


FOMO stands for “Fear Of Missing Out” and is a feeling of anxiety or apprehension that you might miss out on an opportunity. It is a common emotion in the cryptocurrency market, as prices can be highly volatile.


DYOR stands for “Do Your Own Research” and is a common expression in the cryptocurrency community. It encourages investors to conduct their own research before investing in any cryptocurrency.

By understanding these essential terms, you will have a better understanding of the cryptocurrency market and be better equipped to make informed trading decisions. However, it’s important to keep in mind that the world of cryptocurrency is constantly evolving, and there will always be new terms and concepts to learn. So, stay curious and keep learning!

In conclusion, trading cryptocurrencies can be a challenging yet rewarding experience. To get started on the right foot, it’s important to familiarize yourself with the essential terms and concepts of the cryptocurrency world. This article has covered some of the key terms that every new crypto trader should know. With a little bit of practice and a lot of research, you can become a successful crypto trader in no time.

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